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Section 61 of the Tax Administration Act 1994 (TAA) requires people to disclose interests they hold in foreign entities.
Under section 61(1) of the TAA, a person who has a control or income interest in a foreign company or an attributing interest in a foreign investment fund (FIF) at any time during an income year must disclose the interest held. However, section 61(2) allows the Commissioner of Inland Revenue to exempt any person or class of persons from this requirement if disclosure is not necessary for the administration of the international tax rules (as defined by section OB 1) contained in the Income Tax Act 2004 (ITA).
Under section 61(2), the Commissioner has issued an international tax disclosure exemption which applies for the income year ended 31 March 2007. This exemption may be cited as "International Tax Disclosure Exemption ITR18", and the full text appears at the end of this item.
The scope of the 2007 disclosure exemption is the same as the 006 exemption.
Disclosure is required by residents for these interests:
An "income interest of 10% or greater" is defined in section OB 1 of the ITA. For the purposes of determining exemption from disclosure it includes these interests:
If a husband and wife each hold an income interest of 5% in a Cayman Islands company, the interests would not be exempt from disclosure because the husband and wife are associated persons under section OD 8(3)(d). Under the associated persons test they are each deemed to hold the other's interests, so they each hold an "income interest of 10% or greater" which must be disclosed.
They are not required to account for attributed CFC income or loss under the controlled foreign company rules. However, they would have to account for FIF income or loss under the FIF rules.
In this example the husband and wife must disclose their interests as interests in a foreign company and as interests in an FIF. However, only the FIF interests should be disclosed on an IR439, IR440, IR441, IR442 or IR443 form.
A resident who holds a control or income interest in a foreign company must disclose that interest, regardless of the company's country of residence. The 2007 international tax disclosure exemption also makes no distinction about residence, and any interest in a foreign company which is an income interest of 10% or more must be disclosed. Disclosure is to be made on an (IR477) or (IR479) Interest in a foreign company disclosure schedule form.
The disclosure exemption makes no distinction on the residence of a foreign company for these reasons:
An interest in a foreign entity must be disclosed if it constitutes an "attributing interest" in a foreign investment fund in respect of which FIF income under section CQ 5 or FIF loss under section DN 6 arises.
The types of interest that must be disclosed are:
However, the following interests are exempt (under sections EX 32 to EX 37) from being an attributing interest in an FIF and therefore do not have to be disclosed:
Interests in foreign entities held by a natural person not acting as a trustee also do not have to be disclosed if the total cost of the interests remains under $50,000 at all times during the income year. This disclosure exemption is made because no FIF income under section CQ 5 or FIF loss under section DN 6 arises in respect of these interests.
A resident who holds an attributing interest in an FIF in respect of which FIF income or loss arises at any time during the 2007 income year must disclose the interest and calculate FIF income or loss on the form Interest in foreign investment fund disclosure schedule and worksheet (IR439), (IR440), (IR441), (IR442), (IR443). The FIF rules allow a person four options to calculate FIF income or loss (accounting profits method, branch equivalent method, comparative value method and deemed rate of return method), so the Commissioner has prescribed four forms to disclose and calculate FIF income or loss from an attributing interest in an FIF, using one of the methods. The respective forms to use for whichever FIF income calculation method you choose to apply are:
A situation may arise where a person is required to furnish a disclosure for an interest in a foreign company which is also an attributing interest in an FIF. For example, a person with an "income interest of 10% or greater" in a foreign company which is not a CFC is strictly required to disclose both an interest held in a foreign company and an attributing interest held in an FIF.
However, to meet the disclosure obligations only one disclosure return (either the IR477 or IR479 form or the IR439, IR440, IR441 or IR443 form) is required for each interest a person holds in a foreign entity.
Here are the general rules for determining which disclosure return to file:
Disclosure is not required on any of the forms for an income interest of less than 10% in a foreign company (whether a CFC or not) which is also not an attributing interest in an FIF in respect of which FIF income or loss arises. An example is an interest which is covered by the Schedule 3, Part A exclusion from the FIF rules.
The 2007 disclosure exemption removes the need for interests held by non-residents in foreign companies and FIFs to be disclosed.
This would apply, for example, to an overseas company operating in New Zealand (through a branch) in respect of its interests in foreign companies and FIFs.
The purpose of the international tax rules is to make sure that New Zealand residents are taxed on their share of the income of any overseas interests they hold. However, under the international tax rules, non-residents are not required to calculate or attribute income under the CFC rules (sections CQ 2(1)(d) and DN 2(d) of the ITA 2004). In addition, under sections CQ 5(1)(e) and DN 6(1)(e) of the ITA 2004, a non-resident is not to be treated as having any FIF income or loss. The disclosure of non-residents' holdings in foreign companies or FIFs is not necessary for the administration of the international tax rules.
The 2007 international tax disclosure exemption removes the requirement of a resident to disclose an interest held in a foreign company (if the interest is not also an attributing interest in an FIF in respect of which FIF income or loss arises) that does not constitute an income interest of 10% or more (ie, less than 10%). The disclosure exemption is not affected by the foreign company's country of residence. Further, an attributing interest in an FIF in respect of which FIF income or loss arises must be disclosed.
The 2007 disclosure exemption also removes the requirement for a non-resident to disclose interests held in foreign companies and FIFs.
This exemption may be cited as "International Tax Disclosure Exemption ITR18"
This exemption is made by me acting under delegated authority from the Commissioner of Inland Revenue pursuant to section 7 of the Tax Administration Act 1994.
This exemption is signed on the 9th day of March 2007.
Assurance Manager (Large Business)